7

CRUD PHP >= 5.3

create retrieve read update delete post get put routing

Create, Retrieve, Update and Delete using HTTP methods POST, GET, PUT and DELETE respectively.

Restler uses get, put, post, and delete as prefix to map PHP methods to respective HTTP methods. When they are the only method names they map at the class level similar to index

Note:-

  1. Read the Routes example for better understanding.
  2. When we want the entire data that is sent to the API, we need to use $request_data as the name of the parameter any other name will only get partial data under the specified key
  3. This example favours simplicity over best practices. Documentation and Rate Limiting examples continue improving from where we left off here. It is highly recommended to check them out.

For simplicity and making it work out of the box this example is using a session based fake database, thus depending on a client that supports PHP Session Cookies. You may use REST Console an extension for Chrome or RESTClient a firefox extension.

Alternatively you can use cURL on the command line.

curl -X POST http://restler3.luracast.com/examples/_007_crud/index.php/authors -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d '{"name": "Another", "email": "[email protected]"}'

{
  "name": "Another",
  "email": "[email protected]",
  "id": 5
}

But since the session wont be working, next request wont reflect the change done by previous request, anyway you get the idea. You may use any of the following files instead of Session.php to get full functionality.

by un-commenting the respective line in Authors.php and commenting others.

This API Server is made using the following php files/folders

This API Server exposes the following URIs

GET    authors      ⇠ Authors::index()
POST   authors      ⇠ Authors::post()
DELETE authors/{id} ⇠ Authors::delete()
GET    authors/{id} ⇠ Authors::get()
PUT    authors/{id} ⇠ Authors::put()

Try the following links in your browser

GET authors

[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "name": "Jac Wright",
    "email": "[email protected]"
  },
  {
    "id": 2,
    "name": "Arul Kumaran",
    "email": "[email protected]"
  }
]
GET authors/2
{
  "id": 2,
  "name": "Arul Kumaran",
  "email": "[email protected]"
}

Creating new Author

Typical post request to create a new author will be any of the following

Using query parameters

POST /examples/_007_crud/index.php/authors?name=Another&[email protected] HTTP/1.1
Host: restler3.dev
Content-Length: 0
Accept-Language: en
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_7_0) AppleWebKit/535.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/13.0.782.112 Safari/535.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Accept: /*
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.3
Cookie: PHPSESSID=dcdfec433e86c1a6730f75303187071f

Using post vars

POST /examples/_007_crud/index.php/authors HTTP/1.1
Host: restler3.dev
Content-Length: 36
Accept-Language: en
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_7_0) AppleWebKit/535.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/13.0.782.112 Safari/535.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Accept: /*
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.3
Cookie: PHPSESSID=dcdfec433e86c1a6730f75303187071f

name=Another&[email protected]

Using JSON data

POST /examples/_007_crud/index.php/authors HTTP/1.1
Host: restler3.dev
Content-Length: 46
Origin: chrome-extension://faceofpmfclkengnkgkgjkcibdbhemoc
Accept-Language: en
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_7_0) AppleWebKit/535.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/13.0.782.112 Safari/535.1
Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8
Accept: /*
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.3
Cookie: PHPSESSID=dcdfec433e86c1a6730f75303187071f

{"name":"Another","email":"[email protected]"}

and the response for all the above could be

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 25 Sep 2012 10:05:06 GMT
Server: Apache/2.2.19 (Unix) mod_ssl/2.2.19 OpenSSL/0.9.8r DAV/2 PHP/5.3.6 with Suhosin-Patch
X-Powered-By: Luracast Restler v3.0.0
Expires: 0
Cache-Control: no-cache, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Length: 66
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "name": "Another",
  "email": "[email protected]",
  "id": 7
}

We expect the following behaviour from this example.


@example7 @crud Feature: Testing CRUD Example Scenario: Creating new Author by POSTing vars Given that I want to make a new "Author" And his "name" is "Chris" And his "email" is "[email protected]" When I request "/examples/_007_crud/authors" Then the response status code should be 200 And the response should be JSON And the response has a "id" property Scenario: Creating new Author with JSON Given that I want to make a new "Author" And his "name" is "Chris" And his "email" is "[email protected]" And the request is sent as JSON When I request "/examples/_007_crud/authors" Then the response status code should be 200 And the response should be JSON And the response has a "id" property Scenario: Updating Author with JSON Given that I want to update "Author" And his "name" is "Jac" And his "email" is "[email protected]" And his "id" is 1 And the request is sent as JSON When I request "/examples/_007_crud/authors/{id}" Then the response status code should be 200 And the response should be JSON And the response has a "id" property Scenario: Given url is valid for other http method(s) Given that I want to update "Author" And his "name" is "Jac" And his "email" is "[email protected]" And his "id" is 1 And the request is sent as JSON When I request "/examples/_007_crud/authors" Then the response status code should be 405 Scenario: Deleting Author Given that I want to delete an "Author" And his "id" is 1 When I request "/examples/_007_crud/authors/{id}" Then the response status code should be 200 And the response should be JSON And the response has an "id" property

It can be tested by running the following command on terminal/command line from the project root (where the vendor folder resides). Make sure base_url in behat.yml is updated according to your web server.

bin/behat  features/examples/_007_crud.feature